PEACETOPIAN MILESTONES

A holistic movement for a better world
has been evolving throughout history...

 

1516 -
"Utopia"

In the early 16th century, Sir Thomas More described an imaginary island called Utopia, whose inhabitants lived in a much more sustainable and egalitarian society than those which existed in Europe at the time. Significantly, in Utopia, life is communal with no private ownership; everything is shared - goods are stored in warehouses and people are given things when they need them. Meals are eaten together as a community, with families rotating dining responsibilities. Everyone has free access to hospitals and other community institutions, and religious tolerance is the way of the land, with each respecting another's beliefs. However, in Utopia personal freedoms are somewhat limited. Although the laws are simple so that they are understood by everyone, they create a society of conformity, with mandatory employment in specific trades, simplicity of dress, restricted ability to travel, and general lack of privacy. Unlike European women, Utopian women enjoy equal rights with men, but their prescribed roles tended to be more household-oriented. Curiously, slavery is accepted in Utopian society (as it was in Europe), and is the punishment for such crimes as traveling without a passport and adultery.

Thomas More's intentions in writing Utopia are debated, but it is generally thought that he meant the book to be more of a criticism of life in his native England than a promotion of the way of life described on his fictional island. The book is filled with inside jokes and satirical depictions; even the name of the fictional island he described is layered in double-meanings - the roots of 'Utopia' can be translated as either 'no place' or 'good place'. Regardless of his motivations, and although he wasn't the first to describe a utopian society, Thomas More's vision inspired centuries of Utopian literature, and his work presented concepts in political, religious and social thought that greatly influenced future theorists, philosophers and political organizers. Socialism and communism, for example, were greatly influenced by More's utopian depiction.


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MILESTONES

c.380 BC
"Republic"

1215
Magna Carta

1516
"Utopia"

1528
"On Civil Power"

1625
"On The Law
of War and Peace"

1648
Peace of Westphalia

1650-1799
Enlightenment

1689
"Two Treatises of Government"

1762
"Social Contract"

July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence

September 17, 1787
US Constitution

August 26, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

September 25, 1789
US Bill of Rights

1793
Department of Peace

1795
"Perpetual Peace"

May 18, 1899
Hague Peace Conference

1901
Nobel Peace Prize

January 8, 1918
14 Points

June 28, 1919
League of Nations

1933
The New Deal

January 6, 1941
The Four Freedoms

October 24, 1945
The United Nations

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement

December 10, 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1955
"Let There Be
Peace On Earth"

1956
The Beloved Community

1960-1963
The New Frontier

1963-1969
The Great Society

1970
Earth Day

October 11, 1971
"Imagine"

1981
International Day of Peace

1985
77 Theses on the Care of the Earth

1988
Global Cooperation for a Better World

1991
Earth Constitution

1992
UNESCO
Culture of Peace Programme

1992
"4000 Ideas & Dreams for a Better World"

1995
Earth Magna Charta

1995
"When Corporations Rule The World"

1996
"Peace On Earth Millennium"

1997
Appeal of the Nobel Laureates

1998
"Conscious Evolution"

May 11-15, 1999
Hague Appeal for Peace

January 1, 2000
One Day In Peace

June 29, 2000
The Earth Charter

September, 2000
Millennium Development Goals

January 25-30, 2001
World Social Forum

October, 2001
"Better World Handbook"

2005
Clinton Global Initiative

July 18, 2007
The Elders

September 17, 2011
Occupy Wall Street