PEACETOPIAN MILESTONES

A holistic movement for a better world
has been evolving throughout history...

 

1689 -
"Two Treatises of Government"

John Locke was an English physician and philosopher whose reputation as one of the most influential thinkers of the Enlightenment earned him the distinction of being regarded as the Father of Classical Liberalism. He was a pioneer in the field of consciousness, proposing a "theory of mind" that set the stage for countless future philosophers and theorists, and helped define our current concepts of "identity" and "self". His thoughts on political philosophy influenced many of the proponents of the Age of Enlightenment in Europe as well as the American Revolutionaries, and can be seen in the United States Declaration of Independence and other significant milestone documents.

In the second part of his monumental work, Two Treatises of Government, Locke developed his ideas of "natural rights" and the "social contract" as the foundation and justification for his outline of a just and civilized society. Locke proposed that the true 'law of nature' is that all people are born equal, free and independent, and everyone has the natural right to defend their life, liberty, health and possessions. No one has the right to infringe on another person's natural rights. Because everyone is born free, it is up to each individual to judge what the law of nature requires of them and no one is obligated to obey anyone else. Although Locke believed human nature in its natural state is guided by reason and tolerance, it is also prone to selfishness, and our own perceptions of fairness and justice will inevitably conflict with others. To prevent violent conflict and war, and to protect our possessions, humans choose to establish civil societies that are able to resolve conflicts in a civil way. They do this by establishing a government with fair and just laws that address our needs for security without infringing on our natural rights to life, health, liberty and possessions. This is the concept of a 'social contract.' When governments overstep this delicate balance and grossly infringe on our basic rights, we have the natural right to revolt and establish a new government that respects our natural rights.


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MILESTONES

c.380 BC
"Republic"

1215
Magna Carta

1516
"Utopia"

1528
"On Civil Power"

1625
"On The Law
of War and Peace"

1648
Peace of Westphalia

1650-1799
Enlightenment

1689
"Two Treatises of Government"

1762
"Social Contract"

July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence

September 17, 1787
US Constitution

August 26, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

September 25, 1789
US Bill of Rights

1793
Department of Peace

1795
"Perpetual Peace"

May 18, 1899
Hague Peace Conference

1901
Nobel Peace Prize

January 8, 1918
14 Points

June 28, 1919
League of Nations

1933
The New Deal

January 6, 1941
The Four Freedoms

October 24, 1945
The United Nations

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement

December 10, 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1955
"Let There Be
Peace On Earth"

1956
The Beloved Community

1960-1963
The New Frontier

1963-1969
The Great Society

1970
Earth Day

October 11, 1971
"Imagine"

1981
International Day of Peace

1985
77 Theses on the Care of the Earth

1988
Global Cooperation for a Better World

1991
Earth Constitution

1992
UNESCO
Culture of Peace Programme

1992
"4000 Ideas & Dreams for a Better World"

1995
Earth Magna Charta

1995
"When Corporations Rule The World"

1996
"Peace On Earth Millennium"

1997
Appeal of the Nobel Laureates

1998
"Conscious Evolution"

May 11-15, 1999
Hague Appeal for Peace

January 1, 2000
One Day In Peace

June 29, 2000
The Earth Charter

September, 2000
Millennium Development Goals

January 25-30, 2001
World Social Forum

October, 2001
"Better World Handbook"

2005
Clinton Global Initiative

July 18, 2007
The Elders

September 17, 2011
Occupy Wall Street