PEACETOPIAN MILESTONES

A holistic movement for a better world
has been evolving throughout history...

 

September 25 , 1789 -
United States Bill of Rights


While the US Constitution was being drafted, some of the Founding Fathers were concerned that it gave the new federal government too much power. They feared that it posed a threat to the rights and freedom of individuals and surrendered too much of the individual states' authority. Some refused to sign it until it was agreed that a Bill of Rights would be added that would guarantee all men's natural rights to freedom and property, limit the government's judicial power, and ensure the authority of individual states in many matters. The Bill of Rights was drafted by James Madison, and was adopted by Congress on September 25, 1789 as the first Ten Amendments to the Constitution. The ideas in the Bill of Rights were greatly influenced by the philosophers of the Enlightenment in Europe, like John Locke, who wrote about the natural rights of all people to be free, possess property, and have a voice in their government. The language used in the US Bill of Rights did not explicitly exclude any of the new nation's inhabitants, but what was implied, and became the basis for the nation's body of laws, was that only the rights of free white men were protected; the Bill of Rights did not pertain to Native Americans, African Americans and women. It wasn't until the 13th Amendment was adopted in 1865 that slavery was abolished, the 15th Amendment in 1870 that allowed African American men to vote and the 19th Amendment was adopted in 1920 that women were granted the right to vote. Only then were the ideals that inspired the Bill of Rights finally realized to include all American citizens.


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MILESTONES

c.380 BC
"Republic"

1215
Magna Carta

1516
"Utopia"

1528
"On Civil Power"

1625
"On The Law
of War and Peace"

1648
Peace of Westphalia

1650-1799
Enlightenment

1689
"Two Treatises of Government"

1762
"Social Contract"

July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence

September 17, 1787
US Constitution

August 26, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

September 25, 1789
US Bill of Rights

1793
Department of Peace

1795
"Perpetual Peace"

May 18, 1899
Hague Peace Conference

1901
Nobel Peace Prize

January 8, 1918
14 Points

June 28, 1919
League of Nations

1933
The New Deal

January 6, 1941
The Four Freedoms

October 24, 1945
The United Nations

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement

December 10, 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1955
"Let There Be
Peace On Earth"

1956
The Beloved Community

1960-1963
The New Frontier

1963-1969
The Great Society

1970
Earth Day

October 11, 1971
"Imagine"

1981
International Day of Peace

1985
77 Theses on the Care of the Earth

1988
Global Cooperation for a Better World

1991
Earth Constitution

1992
UNESCO
Culture of Peace Programme

1992
"4000 Ideas & Dreams for a Better World"

1995
Earth Magna Charta

1995
"When Corporations Rule The World"

1996
"Peace On Earth Millennium"

1997
Appeal of the Nobel Laureates

1998
"Conscious Evolution"

May 11-15, 1999
Hague Appeal for Peace

January 1, 2000
One Day In Peace

June 29, 2000
The Earth Charter

September, 2000
Millennium Development Goals

January 25-30, 2001
World Social Forum

October, 2001
"Better World Handbook"

2005
Clinton Global Initiative

July 18, 2007
The Elders

September 17, 2011
Occupy Wall Street