PEACETOPIAN MILESTONES

A holistic movement for a better world
has been evolving throughout history...

 

1920 -
19th Amendment - Women's Right to Vote


Even though they make up half the population, women and girls have endured discrimination in most societies for thousands of years. In the past, women were largely treated as property of their husbands or fathers - they couldn't own land, they couldn't vote or go to school, and were subject to beatings and abuse. Over the last hundred years, much progress has been made to gain equal rights for women around the world, but many still live without the rights to which all people are entitled. Gaining the right to vote and hold a public office was a major milestone in the struggle for women's rights. The women's suffrage movement, which secured these rights for women, can be traced to France in the 1780s. The French Revolution was inspired by the writers of the Enlightenment who spoke about the equality and natural rights of all people -- men and women. Although the French constitution that was adopted did not grant women equal rights, during the Revolution women worked hand-in-hand with men with an expectation of this ideal goal in mind. Over the next 130 years, movements arose all around the world to gain rights for women. International organizations and alliances formed to better organize and coordinate these movements, including the International Council of Women in 1888 and the International Woman Suffrage Alliance in 1904. During this time, women gained limited voting rights around the world: temporarily in some American colonies in the 1700s; Wyoming Territory in 1869; New Zealand in 1893; Finland in 1907; Norway in 1913; and finally with the passage of the 19th Amendment, women were granted the right to vote in the United States in 1920. The United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women specifically addresses women's suffrage as a right for all women.


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MILESTONES

c.380 BC
"Republic"

1215
Magna Carta

1516
"Utopia"

1528
"On Civil Power"

1625
"On The Law
of War and Peace"

1648
Peace of Westphalia

1650-1799
Enlightenment

1689
"Two Treatises of Government"

1762
"Social Contract"

July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence

September 17, 1787
US Constitution

August 26, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

September 25, 1789
US Bill of Rights

1793
Department of Peace

1795
"Perpetual Peace"

May 18, 1899
Hague Peace Conference

1901
Nobel Peace Prize

January 8, 1918
14 Points

June 28, 1919
League of Nations

1933
The New Deal

January 6, 1941
The Four Freedoms

October 24, 1945
The United Nations

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement

December 10, 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1955
"Let There Be
Peace On Earth"

1956
The Beloved Community

1960-1963
The New Frontier

1963-1969
The Great Society

1970
Earth Day

October 11, 1971
"Imagine"

1981
International Day of Peace

1985
77 Theses on the Care of the Earth

1988
Global Cooperation for a Better World

1991
Earth Constitution

1992
UNESCO
Culture of Peace Programme

1992
"4000 Ideas & Dreams for a Better World"

1995
Earth Magna Charta

1995
"When Corporations Rule The World"

1996
"Peace On Earth Millennium"

1997
Appeal of the Nobel Laureates

1998
"Conscious Evolution"

May 11-15, 1999
Hague Appeal for Peace

January 1, 2000
One Day In Peace

June 29, 2000
The Earth Charter

September, 2000
Millennium Development Goals

January 25-30, 2001
World Social Forum

October, 2001
"Better World Handbook"

2005
Clinton Global Initiative

July 18, 2007
The Elders

September 17, 2011
Occupy Wall Street