PEACETOPIAN MILESTONES

A holistic movement for a better world
has been evolving throughout history...

 

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement
 

WORLD FEDERALIST MOVEMENT
"Mankind's desire for peace can be realized only by the creation of a world government. With all my heart I believe that the world's present system of sovereign nations can only lead to barbarism, war and inhumanity, and that only world law can assure progress towards a civilized peaceful community."
-- Albert Einstein

The United Nations provides a forum for nearly all countries of the world to address their grievances with other countries, and to work together on global issues that affect the planet and all of its people. International laws help provide a legal framework for nations to work out their differences in a fair, just and equitable way. But the United Nations serves mostly in an advisory capacity, and often does not have the authority to enforce many international laws and treaties. The UN Security Council does have authority to enforce many breaches of international law, but its decisions are not democratic as they are made by the governments of only a small number of members of the United Nations. Because of these limitations, and the fact that the world is so interconnected, and there are so many problems and concerns that affect not just one or a few nations, but all of humanity, some have advocated for a more formalized form of democratic global governance.

The idea of "world federalists" arose after World War I and the formation of the League of Nations. World federalists argued for the creation of a democratically elected world government with the authority to make and enforce international laws. Before the outbreak of World War II, as tensions mounted in Europe, interest in the idea of a world federation grew and many groups in Europe and the United States were formed, including The Campaign for World Government in 1937, the Federal Union in the UK in 1938, and the US Federal Union in 1939. After the formation of the United Nations in 1945, the idea of a world federation gained greater support, and in August 1947, 51 organizations from 24 countries came together in Switzerland for the Conference of the World Movement for World Federal Government. By the next year's congress there were more than 150,000 members in the movement. Much of the work of the world federalist movement was directed at trying to move the United Nations closer to a world federal system. At first it was hoped that the UN Charter would be reviewed in 1955 and changes would be made to the Charter. When this didn't happen, efforts were directed at trying to advocate for amendments to the Charter to reform the UN's institutions and branches, such as creating a World Court with real authority, a more democratic Security Council and a democratically elected General Assembly or World Parliament. Today the World Federalist Movement continues to represent member and associate organizations around the world. The international secretariat is headquartered in New York City across the street from the United Nations, and a congress of representatives is convened every four years.


WFM-IGP.org


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MILESTONES

c.380 BC
"Republic"

1215
Magna Carta

1516
"Utopia"

1528
"On Civil Power"

1625
"On The Law
of War and Peace"

1648
Peace of Westphalia

1650-1799
Enlightenment

1689
"Two Treatises of Government"

1762
"Social Contract"

July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence

September 17, 1787
US Constitution

August 26, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

September 25, 1789
US Bill of Rights

1793
Department of Peace

1795
"Perpetual Peace"

May 18, 1899
Hague Peace Conference

1901
Nobel Peace Prize

January 8, 1918
14 Points

June 28, 1919
League of Nations

1933
The New Deal

January 6, 1941
The Four Freedoms

October 24, 1945
The United Nations

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement

December 10, 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1955
"Let There Be
Peace On Earth"

1956
The Beloved Community

1960-1963
The New Frontier

1963-1969
The Great Society

1970
Earth Day

October 11, 1971
"Imagine"

1981
International Day of Peace

1985
77 Theses on the Care of the Earth

1988
Global Cooperation for a Better World

1991
Earth Constitution

1992
UNESCO
Culture of Peace Programme

1992
"4000 Ideas & Dreams for a Better World"

1995
Earth Magna Charta

1995
"When Corporations Rule The World"

1996
"Peace On Earth Millennium"

1997
Appeal of the Nobel Laureates

1998
"Conscious Evolution"

May 11-15, 1999
Hague Appeal for Peace

January 1, 2000
One Day In Peace

June 29, 2000
The Earth Charter

September, 2000
Millennium Development Goals

January 25-30, 2001
World Social Forum

October, 2001
"Better World Handbook"

2005
Clinton Global Initiative

July 18, 2007
The Elders

September 17, 2011
Occupy Wall Street